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Account Segregation

Account segregation, also known as "custody segregation," refers to the practice of keeping client assets separate from the assets of the financial institution or broker that holds them. The purpose of account segregation is to provide protection for the client's assets in the event that the financial institution or broker becomes insolvent or experiences financial difficulties.

In the traditional account segregation model, the financial institution or broker acts as a custodian, holding the client's assets in a separate account and maintaining records of the client's transactions. 

Another important aspect of account segregation is the segregation of the client's assets and the firm's assets. 

The segregation of client assets is a requirement for all regulated financial institutions and investment firms, and is part of the regulatory framework established to protect investors. 

It's important to note that account segregation is not a guarantee of protection for client assets, as it does not eliminate the risk of fraud or mismanagement. However, it is an important safeguard that helps to minimize the risk of loss of client assets in the event of financial difficulties at the institution or broker. Clients should also conduct their own due diligence and research on the institution or broker they are considering to invest with, and make sure they understand the segregation of assets and the safety measures the firm has in place to protect the client's assets.